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Thursday, October 20, 2011

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MBA-PGDM-six sigma-efficient supply chain management-mumbai dabbawalas

  • DABBAWALAS: their work is to carry the tiffin boxes from the houses to the offices for their lunch the employees who cannot carry their lunch early in the morning.
  • Core work: Delivery
  • Principles followed : and PRACTICED
    • customer is the god
    • dedication 
    • discipline
    • responsibility acceptance and maintenance
    • teamwork and coordination
    • knowing the consequences of error-avoiding it 100%
      • Started in 1890
      • Charitable trust: Registered in 1956
      • Avg. Literacy Rate: 8th Grade Schooling
      • Total area coverage: 60 Kms to 70 Kms
      • Employee Strength: 5000
      • Number of Tiffin's: 2,00,000 Tiffin Boxes i.e 4,00,000 transactions every day.
      • Time taken: 3 hrs

      Error Rate: 1 in 16 million transactions
  • Six Sigma performance (99.999999)
  • Technological Backup: Nil.
  • Cost of service - Rs. 300/month ($ 6.00/month)
  • Standard price for all (Weight, Distance, Space)
  • Rs. 36 Cr. Turnover approx. [6000*12*5000=360000000 i.e Rs. 36 crore p.a.]
  • “No strike” record as each one a share holder
  • Earnings -5000 to 6000 p.m.
  • Diwali bonus: one month's from customers
  • Zero % fuel
  • Zero % modern
  • 99.9999% performance
  • Zero % investment
  • 100 % Customer Satisfaction
  • Zero % Disputes
  • No Alcohol Drinking during business hours
  • Wearing White Cap during business hours
  • Carry Identity Cards
Coding System.........
VLP : Vile Parle (suburb in Mumbai)
9EX12 : Code for Dabbawalas at Destination
EX : Express Towers (building name)
12 : Floor no.
E : Code for Dabbawala at residential station
3 : Code for destination Station eg. Churchgate Station (Nariman Point)
Let us now look at an example of these codes on the Tiffin's to better understand the system and what it all denotes.

Wednesday, October 19, 2011


What is a strategy?
which has a time frame (usually long term,according to the situtation) and course of action and the actions which cannot be taken back, coz we incur loss as we take decisions to them them for the long term.
Devising and implementing processes that will enable as well as exploiting oppurtunities for potential market segments.
Developing the capabilities within the firm operations that are superior than that of our competitors and competitor cannot copy and difficult to copy.
what are all the issues of operations ,where we apply strategies?
Supply chain

heart and water

It is popular in Japan today to drink water immediately after waking up every morning. Furthermore, scientific tests have proven its value. We publish below a description of use of water for our readers. For old and serious diseases as well as modern illnesses the water treatment had been found successful by a Japanese medical society as a 100% cure for the following diseases:
Headache, body ache, heart system, arthritis, fast heart beat, epilepsy, excess fatness, bronchitis asthma, TB, meningitis, kidney and urine diseases, vomiting, gastritis, diarrhea, piles, diabetes, constipation, all eye diseases, womb, cancer and menstrual disorders, ear nose and throat diseases.
1. As you wake up in the morning before brushing teeth, drink 4 x 160ml glasses of water
2. Brush and clean the mouth but do not eat or drink anything for 45 minute
3.. After 45 minutes you may eat and drink as normal.
4. After 15 minutes of breakfast, lunch and dinner do not eat or drink anything for 2 hours
5. Those who are old or sick and are unable to drink 4 glasses of water at the beginning may commence by taking little water and gradually increase it to 4 glasses per day.
6. The above method of treatment will cure diseases of the sick and others can enjoy a healthy life.
The following list gives the number of days of treatment required to cure/control/reduce main diseases:
1. High Blood Pressure (30 days)
2. Gastric (10 days)
3. Diabetes (30 days)
4. Constipation (10 days)
5. Cancer (180 days)
6. TB (90 days)
7. Arthritis patients should follow the above treatment only for 3 days in the 1st week, and from 2nd week onwards – daily..
This treatment method has no side effects, however at the commencement of treatment you may have to urinate a few times.
It is better if we continue this and make this procedure as a routine work in our life. Drink Water and Stay healthy and Active.
This makes sense .. The Chinese and Japanese drink hot tea with their meals ..not cold water. Maybe it is time we adopt their drinking habit while eating!!! Nothing to lose, everything to gain...
For those who like to drink cold water, this article is applicable to you.
It is nice to have a cup of cold drink after a meal. However, the cold water will solidify the oily stuff that you have just consumed. It will slow down the digestion.
Once this 'sludge' reacts with the acid, it will break down and be absorbed by the intestine faster than the solid food. It will line the intestine.
Very soon, this will turn into fats and lead to cancer. It is best to drink hot soup or warm water after a meal.
A serious note about heart attacks:
· Women should know that not every heart attack symptom is going to be the left arm hurting,
· Be aware of intense pain in the jaw line.
· You may never have the first chest pain during the course of a heart attack.
· Nausea and intense sweating are also common symptoms.
· 60% of people who have a heart attack while they are asleep do not wake up.
· Pain in the jaw can wake you from a sound sleep. Let's be careful and be aware. The more we know, the better chance we could survive..

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

NEED ANALYSIS: 6 Principles of Needs Analysis

NEED ANALYSIS: Needs analysis is defined as a formal process focus on how a product addresses the needs of a human. It is not an official business development tool, but is considered a valuable analytical technique to better gauge the marketability of a product or a service to a human consumer. It is often used across many industries, such as software development, automobiles, consumer products and banking services. Needs analysis was originally used for software developers, who used the system in tandem with requirements analysis – a study of the elements represented within a system. In short, if these two systems were applied to Apple Inc., requirements analysis would be involved with all the internal guts of the computers, the ugly complicated bits of hardware and firmware that are hidden from the end user; while needs analysis would be focused on the slick software operating system interface as well as its peripherals – such as the keyboard and mouse – that are directly used by the end user – and as such, affect the end user’s final perception of the product.

6 Principles of Needs Analysis

  • The opinion of end users is essential to unify a diverse, opinionated design team, and their opinion should transcend the desires of your design team.
  • Market research is essential to unify end user opinions, and to use quantitative and qualitative research to find the best direction for product or service designs.
  • Appeal to the lowest common denominator in end user needs. Marketing to the lowest skill levels results in the largest potential market. In other words, follow the KISS principle – “keep it simple, stupid”.
  • Do comprehensive beta tests of your products over a long period of time to allow adequate adjustments before “freezing” your product for the final manufacturing stage.
  • Continue to monitor user feedback after the product launch, and address defects quickly and keep an accurate record to apply to future releases, if they cannot be addressed immediately in the current product.
  • Elegant designs are the end product of successful needs analysis, and will put your product head and shoulders above industry peers.
Gap analysis, which is used to compare actual business performance with ideal performance, is often used in conjunction with needs analysis to maximize a business’ growth potential. Gap analysis insures that a company is allocating its resources for maximum production. Gap analysis is considered a benchmarking tool for efficiency and is used for outlining a clearer road map for future growth, and can be used at both the strategic and operational levels of an organization. In short, it tries to fill the “gap” between where a company is, and where it aims to be. In addition, some organizations referred to “gap” as an acronym – separating the “good”, “average” and “poor” aspects of a business.

Monday, October 10, 2011

Reliance Industries to sign deal with Disney's UTV - report

The main gate of entertainment giant Walt Disney Co. is pictured in Burbank, California May 5, 2009. Disney is scheduled to report its second-quarter earnings May 5, 2009.  REUTERS/Fred Prouser/Files

MUMBAI | Mon Oct 10, 2011 12:36pm IST
(Reuters) - Reliance Industries, India's largest listed firm, is set to sign a deal with the Indian unit of Walt Disney, to acquire content for its telecom operations, the Financial Times said.
The deal by Reliance with UTV Software, in which Disney controls 50.44 percent, is expected to be completed in the coming weeks, the newspaper said late on Sunday, citing people close to the development.
UTV Software said it had no immediately comment on the report, while Reliance could not be immediately reached.
Reliance, which has diversified into telecom, retail, financial services and hospitality sectors in recent years from its core business of refining and oil and gas exploration, last year acquired Infotel, which emerged as the only firm to secure nationwide wireless broadband radio airwaves in an auction.
The deal is expected to give Reliance access to games, entertainment and children's content for their telecom operations, the paper said.
Reliance has plans of building a data-focused business which will provide mobile, smartphone, tablet and computer users access to the net and online related services via a wireless broadband network.
The diversified company, which has been under pressure from falling gas output, has pushed for tie-ups in recent months to boost its business.
In June, Reliance signed a joint venture with DE Shaw, a U.S. hedge fund, for acquiring Bharti Enterprises 74 percent stake in an insurance joint venture with France's Axa.
The following month the Indian cabinet approved Reliance's plan to sell a stake in 21 of 23 planned oil and gas blocks to BP as part of a $7.2 billion deal.
At 10:24 a.m. (0454 GMT), shares in Reliance, valued at $53.5 billion, were up 1.5 percent at 815 rupees in a firm Mumbai market.
The stock has been a laggard, falling 24 percent in the year to date compared with a 21 percent drop in the main index, largely due to falling gas output.

Thursday, October 6, 2011

List of Drugs Banned in India by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Drugs Prohibited from the date of Notification
  1. Amidopyrine.
  2. Fixed dose combinations of vitamins with anti–inflammatory agents and tranquilizers.
  3. Fixed dose combinations of Atropine in Analgesics and Antipyretics.
  4. Fixed dose combinations of Strychnine and Caffeine in tonics.
  5. Fixed dose combinations of Yohimbine and Strychnine with Testosterone and Vitamins.
  6. Fixed dose combinations of Iron with Strychnine, Arsenic and Yohimbine.
  7. Fixed dose combinations of Sodium Bromide/chloral hydrate with other drugs.
  8. Phenacetin.
  9. Fixed dose combinations of antihistaminic with anti-diarrhoeals.
  10. Fixed dose combinations of Penicillin with Sulphonamides.
  11. Fixed dose combinations of Vitamins with Analgesics.
  12. Fixed dose combinations of any other Tetracycline with Vitamin C.
  13. Fixed dose combinations of Hydroxyquinoline group of drugs with any other drug except for preparations meant for external use.
  14. Fixed dose combinations of Corticosteroids with any other drug for internal use.
  15. Fixed dose combinations of Chloramphenicol with any other drug for internal use.
  16. Fixed dose combinations of crude Ergot preparations except those containing Ergotamine, Caffeine, analgesics, antihistamines for the treatment of migraine, headaches.
  17. Fixed dose combinations of Vitamins with Anti TB drugs except combination of Isoniazid with Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6).
  18. Penicillin skin/eye Ointment.
  19. Tetracycline Liquid Oral preparations.
  20. Nialamide.
  21. Practolol.
  22. Methapyrilene, its salts.
  23. Methaqualone.
  24. Oxytetracycline Liquid Oral preparations.
  25. Demeclocycline Liquid Oral preparations.
  26. Combination of anabolic Steroids with other drugs.
  27. Fixed dose combination of Oestrogen and Progestin (other than oral contraceptive) containing per tablet estrogen content of more than 50 mcg (equivalent to Ethinyl Estradiol) and progestin content of more than 3 mg (equivalent to Norethisterone Acetate) and all fixed dose combination injectable preparations containing synthetic Oestrogen and Progesterone. (Subs. By Noti. No. 743 (E) dt 10-08-1989)
  28. Fixed dose combination of Sedatives/ hypnotics/anxiolytics with analgesics-antipyretics.
  29. Fixed dose combination of Rifanpicin, isoniazid and Pyrazinamide, except those which provide daily adult dose given below:
    Drugs Minimum Maximum
    Rifampicin 450 mg 600 mg
    Isoniazid 300 mg 400 mg
    Pyrazinamide 1000mg 1500 mg
  30. Fixed dose combination of Histamine H-2 receptor antagonists with antacids except for those combinations approved by Drugs Controller, India.
  31. The patent and proprietary medicines of fixed dose combinations of essential oils with alcohol having percentage higher than 20% proof except preparations given in the Indian Pharmacopoeia.
  32. All Pharmaceutical preparations containing Chloroform exceeding 0.5% w/w or v/v whichever is appropriate.
  33. Fixed dose combination of Ethambutol with INH other than the following: INH Ethambutol 200 mg. 600 mg. 300 mg. 800 mg.
  34. Fixed dose combination containing more than one antihistamine.
  35. Fixed dose combination of any anthelmintic with cathartic/purgative except for piperazine/Santonim.
  36. Fixed dose combination of Salbutamol or any other bronchodilator with centrally acting anti-tussive and/or antihistamine.
  37. Fixed dose combination of laxatives and/or anti-spasmodic drugs in enzyme preparations.
  38. Fixed dose combination of Metoclopramide with systemically absorbed drugs except fixed dose combination of metoclopramide with aspirin/paracetamol
  39. Fixed dose combination of centrally acting, antitussive with antihistamine, having high atropine like activity in expectorants.
  40. Preparations claiming to combat cough associated with asthma containing centrally acting antitussive and/ or an antihistamine.
  41. Liquid oral tonic preparations containing glycerophosphates and/or other phosphates and / or central nervous system stimulant and such preparations containing alcohol more than 20% proof.
  42. Fixed dose combination containing Pectin and/or Kaolin with any drug which is systemically absorbed from GI tract except for combinations of Pectin and/or Kaolin with drugs not systemically absorbed.
  43. Chloral Hydrate as a drug.
  44. Dovers Powder I.P.
  45. Dover’s Powder Tablets I.P.
  46. Antidiarrhoeal formulations containing Kaolin or Pectin or Attapulgite or Activated Charcoal.
  47. Antidiarrhoeal formulations containing Phthalyl Sulphathiazole or Sulphaguanidine or Succinyl Sulphathiazole.
  48. Antidiarrhoeal formulations containing Neomycin or Streptomycin or Dihydrostreptomycin including their respective salts or esters.
  49. Liquid Oral antidiarrhoeals or any other dosage form for pediatric use containing Diphenoxylate Lorloperamide or Atropine or Belladona including their salts or esters or metabolites Hyoscyamine or their extracts or their alkaloids.
  50. Liquid Oral antidiarrhoeals or any other dosage form for pediatric use containing halogenated hydroxyquinolines.
  51. Fixed dose combination of antidiarrhoeals with electrolytes.
  52. Patent and Proprietary Oral Rehydration Salts other than those conforming to the
  53. Fixed dose combination of Oxyphenbutazone or Phenylbutazone with any other drug.
  54. Fixed dose combination of Analgin with any other drug.
  55. Fixed dose combination of dextropropoxyphene with any other drug other than anti-spasmodics and/or non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
  56. Fixed dose combination of a drug, standards of which are prescribed in the Second Schedule to the said Act with an Ayurvedic, Siddha or Unani drug.
  57. Mepacrine Hydrochloride (Quinacrine and its salts) in any dosage form for use for female sterilization or contraception.
  58. Fenfluramine and Dexfenfluramine.
  59. Fixed dose combination of Diazepam and Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride.
  60. Rimonabant.
  61. Rosiglitazone
  62. Nimesulide formulations for human use in children below 12 years of age.
  63. Cisapride and its formulations for human use.
  64. Phenylpropanolamine and its formulation for human use.
  65. Human Placental Extract and its formulations for human use.
  66. Sibutramine and its formulations for human use, and
  67. R-Sibutramine and its formulations for human use.
  68. Gatifloxacin formulation for systemic use in human by any route including oral and injectable
  69. Tegaserod and its formulation for human use.
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